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Let us say you had one legit $20 and one quite good photocopy of the same $20. If someone were to attempt to spend both the real bill and the imitation one, someone that took the problem of looking at either of those invoices' serial numbers would see that they had been exactly the same number, and consequently one of them had to be fictitious.

This isn't a great analogy--we will explain in more detail below. .

Once a miner has confirmed 1 MB (megabyte) worth of Bitcoin transactions, they are eligible to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was set by Satoshi Nakamoto, and can be a matter of controversy, as some miners think the block size should be increased to accommodate more data.

Note that I said that verifying 1 MB worth of transactions makes a miner qualified to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who supports transactions will receive paid off.

1MB of transactions can theoretically be as small as 1 transaction (though this is not at all common) or several thousand. It depends on how much data the transactions take up.

In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to meet two conditions. One is a matter of effort, one is a matter of luck.

2) You have to be the first miner to arrive at the right answer to a numeric issue. This practice is also known as a proof of work.

The good news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You might have discovered that miners are solving challenging mathematical problems--that is not true at all. What they're doing is trying to be the first miner to come up with a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash")  which is less than or equal to the target hash.

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The bad news: Since it is guesswork, you need a good deal of computing power in order to get there first. To mine successfully, you need to get a high"hash rate," which why not look here is quantified in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).

If you want to estimate how much Bitcoin you could mine with your mining rig's hash pace, the site Cryptocompare offers a visit this page very helpful calculator.

Either way a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 into the tens of thousands.  Some miners--particularly Ethereum miners--purchase individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a low-cost method to cobble together mining operations.  The photograph below is a makeshift, high-tech mining machine.  The cards are such rectangular cubes with whirring circles.  Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the graphics cards to the metal pole.

Example: I tell three friends I'm thinking of a number between 1 and 100, and I write that number on a piece of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't have to guess the specific number, they just have to be the first person to guess any number that's less than or equal to this number I'm thinking of.

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Let us say I am thinking of the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21, they lose because 21>19. If Friend B supposes 16 and Friend C guesses 12, then they have both technically came at workable answers, because 16<19 and 12<19. There is no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was closer to the goal answer of 19. .

In Bitcoin conditions, simultaneous answers happen frequently, but in the end of the day there can only be one her explanation winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented that are equal to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will determine by a simple majority--51%--which miner to honour. Typically, it is the miner who has done the work, i.e.

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The losing block then becomes an"orphan block" .

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Now imagine that I pose the"figure what number I'm thinking of" question, however I am not asking just 3 friends, and I am not thinking of a number between 1 and 100. Rather, I am asking millions of would-be miners and I am thinking about a 64-digit hexadecimal number. Now you see that it's going to be extremely difficult to guess the ideal answer.

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The number preceding has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand so far. As you likely noticed, that number consists not only of numbers, but also letters of this alphabet. Why is that

In order to understand what these letters are doing in the middle of numbers, let's unpack the word"hexadecimal."

As you knowwe utilize the"decimal" system, which means it's base 10. This in turn means that each and every digit has 10 chances, 0-9.

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